Environmental London – the facts
Scattered with more than 3,000 parks and open spaces, London is one of the greenest capitals in the world. But it has some way to go before it can be hailed the cleanest.
Kew Gardens comprises 121 hectares (300 acres) of gardens and botanical glasshouses, containing the world’s largest collection of plants.
Richmond Park is home to 650 free-roaming deer, as well as rare beetles and endangered fungi, found among its ancient trees. It is a site of international importance for wildlife conservation.
Hyde Park, the most famous of the Royal Parks, houses a memorial to the July 7, 2005 London bombings and a fountain in memory of Diana, Princess of Wales. It also features rose gardens, 4,000 trees and the Serpentine lake.
Hampstead Heath contains some of the highest points in London, including Parliament Hill, with its impressive views of the city skyline. The Heath is a popular spot for walkers and offers the option of an outdoor dip in its bathing ponds.
Battersea Park, on the south bank of the River Thames, houses the London Peace Pagoda, built by the Japanese Buddhist Order, Nipponzan Myohoji, in 1985.
St James’s Park is the oldest park in London and sits next to Buckingham Palace. It is famous for its four resident pelicans.
Greenwich Park has been home to the Greenwich Observatory since 1675, while its deer park provides a habitat for red and fallow deer, bats and foxes.